Facial Trauma

Facial Trauma


Facial Trauma

Physical trauma to the facial region may occur in a variety of ways. These include:

  • Motor vehicle collisions
  • Accidental falls
  • Sports-related injuries (hockey, baseball, gymnastics, etc.)
  • Interpersonal altercations (blows to the face, knife wounds, gunshot wounds, etc.)
  • Occupational-related injuries
  • Animal bites

The resulting damage to the soft tissues (skin, tongue, lips, etc.) and hard tissues (teeth, cartilage, and bone) must be managed in such a way to restore the form, function, and esthetics of each individual facial structure. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons have extensive training in the diagnosis and management of injuries to the structures of the face.

Prevention of facial trauma

While many facial injuries are caused by interpersonal violence, a large proportion of injuries to the facial structures are accidental and, thus, preventable. Reduce your chances for accidental facial injuries by taking the following measures:

  • Wearing a mouth guard and other safety equipment when playing sports
  • Wearing a helmet while riding a bike, all-terrain vehicle (ATV), dirt bike, etc.
  • Wearing a seatbelt and following posted speed limits while driving a car
  • Defensive driving and following posted speed limits while riding a motorcycle
  • Meticulously adhering to workplace safety protocols
  • Treading carefully on icy stairs or driveways, and make sure to salt/sand your own